A review on remediation technologies for heavy metals contaminated soil

Document Type: Review paper

Authors

1 The Key Lab of Marine Environmental Science and Ecology, Ministry of Education, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China

2 UNESCO Chinese Center of Marine Biotechnology, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China

Abstract

The Today, synthetic products such as industrial waste, pesticides, batteries, paints, and industrial or domestic sludge widely applied, as well as and manufacturing can adversely result in heavy metal contamination of urban and agricultural soils. Simultaneously, by growth of industrialization and urbanization, the environmental safety of soil has become of great concerns. Based on investigating the status of soil contamination, the remediation technologies of soil contaminated by heavy metals were focused in the present study. To this aim, physical remediation, chemical remediation and biological remediation were all paid attention. To supply required references to the present study, the mechanisms of remediation, strengths and drawbacks developing trend were discussed. It is proposed that for effective and economic remediation of soil, a better understanding of remediation procedures and the various options available at the different stages of remediation is highly necessary.
 

Graphical Abstract

A review on remediation technologies for heavy metals contaminated soil

Highlights

  • Due to industrialization and urbaniz- ation, environmental safety of soil has become a challenge. 
  • Biotechnological tools gradually became important technique for the last few decades for removal of metal ions pollution.
  • Potassium phosphate is considered more effective in extracting arsenic among various potassium and sodium salts.
  • The remediation mechanisms such as extracellular complexation, precipi-tation, oxidation-reduction reaction and intracellular accumulation).
 

Keywords

Main Subjects


Abumaizar, R.J., Smith, E.H., 1999. Heavy metal contaminants removal by soil washing. J. Hazard. Mater. 70, 71–86.
Alam, M.G.M., Tokunaga, S., Maekawa, T., 2001. Extraction of arsenic in a synthetic arsenic-contaminated soil using phosphate. Chemosphere 43, 1035–1041.
Almehdi, A., El-Keblawy, A., Shehadi, I., El-Naggar, M., Saadoun, I., Mosa, K.A., Abhilash, P.C., 2019. Old leaves accumulate more heavy metals than other parts of the desert shrub Calotropis procera at a traffic-polluted site as assessed by two analytical techniques. Int. J. Phytoremediation 21, 1254–1262.
Aresta, M., Dibenedetto, A., Fragale, C., Giannoccaro, P., Pastore, C., Zammiello, D., Ferragina, C., 2008. Thermal desorption of polychlorobiphenyls from contaminated soils and their hydrodechlorination using Pd-and Rh-supported catalysts. Chemosphere 70, 1052–1058.
Arreghini, S., de Cabo, L., Serafini, R.J.M., Fabrizio de Iorio, A., 2018. Shoot litter breakdown and zinc dynamics of an aquatic plant, Schoenoplectus californicus. Int. J. Phytoremediation 20, 780–788.
Azizollahi, Z., Ghaderian, S.M., Ghotbi-Ravandi, A.A., 2019. Cadmium accumulation and its effects on physiological and biochemical characters of summer savory ( Satureja hortensis L.). Int. J. Phytoremediation 21, 1241–1253.
Bizily, S.P., Rugh, C.L., Summers, A.O., Meagher, R.B., 1999. Phytoremediation of methylmercury pollution: merB expression in Arabidopsis thaliana confers resistance to organomercurials. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 96, 6808–6813.
Bolan, N.S., Adriano, D.C., Duraisamy, P., Mani, A., 2003. Immobilization and phytoavailability of cadmium in variable charge soils. III. Effect of biosolid compost addition. Plant Soil 256, 231–241.
Bosecker, K., 2001. Microbial leaching in environmental clean-up programmes. Hydrometallurgy 59, 245–248.
Cabrera-Guzmán, D., Swartzbaugh, J.T., Weisman, A.W., 1990. The Use of Electrokinetics for Hazardous Waste Site Remediation. J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. 40, 1670–1676.
Cox, C.D., Shoesmith, M.A., Ghosh, M.M., 1996. Electrokinetic remediation of mercury-contaminated soils using iodine/iodide lixiviant. Environ. Sci. Technol. 30, 1933–1938.
Dandan, W., Huixin, L., Feng, H., Xia, W., 2007. Role of earthworm-straw interactions on phytoremediation of Cu contaminated soil by ryegrass. Acta Ecol. Sin. 27, 1292–1298.
Demarco, C.F., Afonso, T.F., Pieniz, S., Quadro, M.S., Camargo, F.A. de O., Andreazza, R., 2019. Phytoremediation of heavy metals and nutrients by the Sagittaria montevidensis into an anthropogenic contaminated site at Southern of Brazil. Int. J. Phytoremediation 21, 1145–1152.
Ebadi, A.G., Hisoriev, H., 2017. Metal pollution status of Tajan River – Northern Iran. Toxicol. Environ. Chem. 99, 1358–1367.
Fawzy, M., Nasr, M., Abdel-Rahman, A.M., Hosny, G., Odhafa, B.R., 2019. Techno-economic and environmental approaches of Cd 2+ adsorption by olive leaves ( Olea europaea L.) waste. Int. J. Phytoremediation 21, 1205–1214.
Galal, T.M., Shedeed, Z.A., Hassan, L.M., 2019. Hazards assessment of the intake of trace metals by common mallow ( Malva parviflora K.) growing in polluted soils. Int. J. Phytoremediation 21, 1397–1406.
Gómez-Garrido, M., Mora Navarro, J., Murcia Navarro, F.J., Faz Cano, Á., 2018. The chelating effect of citric acid, oxalic acid, amino acids and Pseudomonas fluorescens bacteria on phytoremediation of Cu, Zn, and Cr from soil using Suaeda vera. Int. J. Phytoremediation 20, 1033–1042.
Guo, Z., Gao, Y., Cao, X., Jiang, W., Liu, X., Liu, Q., Chen, Z., Zhou, W., Cui, J., Wang, Q., 2019. Phytoremediation of Cd and Pb interactive polluted soils by switchgrass ( Panicum virgatum L.). Int. J. Phytoremediation 21, 1486–1496.
Hodson, M.E., Valsami-Jones, É., Cotter-Howells, J.D., 2000. Bonemeal Additions as a Remediation Treatment for Metal Contaminated Soil. Environ. Sci. Technol. 34, 3501–3507.
Hossain, M.M., Khatun, M.A., Haque, M.N., Bari, M.A., Alam, M.F., Mandal, A., Kabir, A.H., 2018. Silicon alleviates arsenic-induced toxicity in wheat through vacuolar sequestration and ROS scavenging. Int. J. Phytoremediation 20, 796–804.
Jeelani, N., Yang, W., Qiao, Y., Li, J., An, S., Leng, X., 2018. Individual and combined effects of cadmium and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on the phytoremediation potential of Xanthium sibiricum in co-contaminated soil. Int. J. Phytoremediation 20, 773–779.
Khan, S., Cao, Q., Zheng, Y.M., Huang, Y.Z., Zhu, Y.G., 2008. Health risks of heavy metals in contaminated soils and food crops irrigated with wastewater in Beijing, China. Environ. Pollut. 152, 686–692.
Khatun, M.R., Mukta, R.H., Islam, M.A., Huda, A.K.M.N., 2019. Insight into citric acid-induced chromium detoxification in rice ( Oryza sativa . L). Int. J. Phytoremediation 21, 1234–1240.
Kos, B., Leštan, D., 2003. Induced Phytoextraction/Soil Washing of Lead Using Biodegradable Chelate and Permeable Barriers. Environ. Sci. Technol. 37, 624–629.
Kumar, V., AlMomin, S., Al-Shatti, A., Al-Aqeel, H., Al-Salameen, F., Shajan, A.B., Nair, S.M., 2019. Enhancement of heavy metal tolerance and accumulation efficiency by expressing Arabidopsis ATP sulfurylase gene in alfalfa. Int. J. Phytoremediation 21, 1112–1121.
Kumari, R., Dey, S., 2019. A breakthrough column study for removal of malachite green using coco-peat. Int. J. Phytoremediation 21, 1263–1271.
Lambert, D.H., Weidensaul, T.C., 1991. Element Uptake by Mycorrhizal Soybean from Sewage-Sludge-Treated Soil. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 55, 393.
Lee, M., Paik, I.S., Do, W., Kim, I., Lee, Y., Lee, S., 2007. Soil washing of As-contaminated stream sediments in the vicinity of an abandoned mine in Korea. Environ. Geochem. Health 29, 319–329.
Li, G., Zhang, Z., Jing, P., Zhou, N., Lin, L., Yuan, Y., Yu, M., 2009. Leaching remediation of heavy metal contaminated fluvio-aquatic soil with tea-saponin. Nongye Gongcheng Xuebao/Transactions Chinese Soc. Agric. Eng. 25, 231–235.
Li, J., Zhang, J., Larson, S.L., Ballard, J.H., Guo, K., Arslan, Z., Ma, Y., Waggoner, C.A., White, J.R., Han, F.X., 2019. Electrokinetic-enhanced phytoremediation of uranium-contaminated soil using sunflower and Indian mustard. Int. J. Phytoremediation 21, 1197–1204.
Liu, X., Cao, L., Zhang, X., Chen, J., Huo, Z., Mao, Y., 2018. Influence of alkyl polyglucoside, citric acid, and nitrilotriacetic acid on phytoremediation in pyrene-Pb co-contaminated soils. Int. J. Phytoremediation 20, 1055–1061.
Lu, Guangqiu, Wang, B., Zhang, C., Li, S., Wen, J., Lu, Guoli, Zhu, C., Zhou, Y., 2018. Heavy metals contamination and accumulation in submerged macrophytes in an urban river in China. Int. J. Phytoremediation 20, 839–846.
Mai, X., Luo, D., Wei, L., Liu, Y., Huang, X., Wu, Q., Yao, G., Liu, G., Liu, L., 2019. Evaluation method for the measuring comprehensive suitability of chelating agents: a study of the temporal dynamics of heavy metal activation. Int. J. Phytoremediation 21, 1415–1422.
McBride, M.B., Zhou, Y., 2019. Cadmium and zinc bioaccumulation by Phytolacca americana from hydroponic media and contaminated soils. Int. J. Phytoremediation 21, 1215–1224.
Nan, G., Guo, L., Gao, Y., Meng, X., Zhang, L., Song, N., Yang, G., 2019. Speciation analysis and dynamic absorption characteristics of heavy metals and deleterious element during growing period of Chinese peony. Int. J. Phytoremediation 21, 1407–1414.
Nicholson, F.A., Smith, S.R., Alloway, B.J., Carlton-Smith, C., Chambers, B.J., 2003. Quantifying heavy metal inputs to agricultural soils in England and Wales. Water Environ. J. 20, 87–95.
Page, M.M., Page, C.L., 2002. Electroremediation of Contaminated Soils. J. Environ. Eng. 128, 208–219.
Tampouris, S., Papassiopi, N., Paspaliaris, I., 2001. Removal of contaminant metals from fine grained soils, using agglomeration, chloride solutions and pile leaching techniques. J. Hazard. Mater. 84, 297–319.
Tokunaga, S., Hakuta, T., 2002. Acid washing and stabilization of an artificial arsenic-contaminated soil. Chemosphere 46, 31–38.
Virkutyte, J., Sillanpää, M., Latostenmaa, P., 2002. Electrokinetic soil remediation — critical overview. Sci. Total Environ. 289, 97–121.
Watanabe, M.E., 1997. Phytoremediation on the Brink of Commericialization. Environ. Sci. Technol. 31, 182A-186A.
Yu, F., Li, Y., Li, F., Zhou, Z., Chen, C., Liang, X., Li, C., Liu, K., 2019. Nitrogen fertilizers promote plant growth and assist in manganese (Mn) accumulation by Polygonum pubescens Blume cultured in Mn tailings soil. Int. J. Phytoremediation 21, 1225–1233.
Zhang, J., Yang, S., Yang, H., Huang, Y., Zheng, L., Yuan, J., Zhou, S., 2018. Comparative study on effects of four energy plants growth on chemical fractions of heavy metals and activity of soil enzymes in copper mine tailings. Int. J. Phytoremediation 20, 616–623.
Zhang, M.-K., Liu, Z.-Y., Wang, H., 2010. Use of Single Extraction Methods to Predict Bioavailability of Heavy Metals in Polluted Soils to Rice. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 41, 820–831.
 

Volume 1, Issue 1
January and February 2020
Pages 21-29
  • Receive Date: 05 July 2019
  • Revise Date: 25 September 2019
  • Accept Date: 15 September 2019