Current practices and futuristic options in plastic waste management in Pakistan

Document Type: Research paper

Authors

1 Department of Environmental Sciences, COMSATS University Islamabad, Abbottabad 22060, Pakistan

2 Department of Development Studies, COMSATS University Islamabad, Abbottabad 22060, Pakistan

Abstract

Plastic use is an integral part of any society. The durability of plastics and their potential for diverse applications, including widespread use as disposable item are profound so as the plastic waste management problems and these factors contribute to Plastic Waste (PW) growth in Pakistan The objective of this research was to determine the stakeholders’ action/behavior that have a role in the waste management process and to analyze influential factors on the system This research determines current understanding and concerns about plastic waste management and trends surrounding the use of plastics and look to future priorities, challenges and opportunities. The data were collected from scientific literature, existing data bases, observations made during visits to selected areas, structured interviews with relevant professionals, exercises provided to participants in workshops and a questionnaire applied to stakeholders. Reliable national data on waste generation and composition that will inform effective planning on waste management in Abbottabad is absent. To obtain data on a regional basis on waste generation, physical composition of waste, sorting and separation efficiency was done besides per capita of waste generation in selected households in each region. PW quantification by weight was done on selected waste points in selected dumpsite in District Abbottabad. PW generation in peri-urban areas was 0.000102 t/person/day while in case of urban area it was 0.0704 t/year PW was generated. On the whole, 59920.506t/year PW was produced by 1.5 million persons in Abbottabad annually.

Graphical Abstract

Current practices and futuristic options in plastic waste management in Pakistan

Highlights

  • Waste Management (WM) is collecting, transportation to landfill, energy recovery, or recycling into useful products.
  • Economic growth, changing consumption and production patterns, result in an increase in the generation of waste plastics in the world.
  • Solutions include waste management, material reduction, design for recyclability, increase recycling capacity, waste reduction strategies, etc.

Keywords

Main Subjects


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