Environmental risk assessment of Saman Cement Factory in Kermanshah in Iran by methods AHP and TOPSIS

Document Type : Research paper

Author

Ph.D. student environment, Islamic Azad University, Hamadan, Iran.

10.22034/CAJESTI.2020.06.03

Abstract

Nowadays, with the growth of the population, the need for some goods is more felt. In the meantime, cement is of particular importance as a commodity used in all infrastructure and construction sectors and causes environmental pollution, and it requires the work that results from its activity. To provide sufficient information to enable us, with proper and informed management, to take certain control measures when necessary. Although these factories are being built to improve people's lives for development, as well as increased employment and production, their environmental consequences should not be ignored. The main objective of this study was to investigate the environmental risks of the Saman Cement Factory in Kermanshah using multi-criteria methods. This is a field and applied research that has been carried out with field visits to identify, categorize and evaluate the most important environmental risks of Saman Cement Factory in Kermanshah city by multi-criteria AHP and TOPSIS in 2016. At first, they visited the field of the factory, and then they produced four sets of questionnaires and distributed them among the environmental experts in the factory and the environmental organization of Kermanshah province. After collecting the required information, through the relevant software, the results Reviewing the outcomes and prioritizing the most significant and least important risks in the three Physico-chemical, biological and socio-economic environments, and finally, strategies and suggestions to eliminate or reduce risk factors for human health and the environment. The surrounding environment is presented. Identifying and interpreting the environmental risks of the Saman Cement Plant and eliminating or reducing the existing risk factors for human health, animals, and the surrounding environment.

Graphical Abstract

Environmental risk assessment of Saman Cement Factory in Kermanshah in Iran by methods AHP and TOPSIS

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Volume 1, Issue 6
November and December 2020
  • Receive Date: 02 December 2020
  • Revise Date: 12 January 2021
  • Accept Date: 16 January 2021