Techno-economic assessment model of screening step of agricultural wastes recycling to animal feed project

Document Type : Research paper

Author

Department of Environmental science, UCS, Osmania University, Telangana State

10.22034/CAJESTI.2021.01.01

Abstract

Agricultural wastes seem to be a valuable resource of revenue for nations and serious wastage of resources by refusing and ending up in the environment. Nowadays, lots of nations encouraged to implement industries for managing and recycling waste materials and generate animal feed. According to the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) plan set by ruling organizations, industrial projects must be undergone the required assessment. The present study took the opportunity to offer an economic assessment model for the following aims of EIA in parallel with the sustainability of industrial projects. The technical assessment of the project has been underpinned based on the initial screening of the Iranian evaluator team. Initial data belongs to both the Iranian environment protection agency and Iranian industries organization in the screening step of EIA. The findings empirically suggested a model to investigate the economic statement of projects in EIA. The developed model considered an economic framework for equipment and installation costs, materials costs, facilities costs, transportation costs, employee's costs, energy consumption costs, required land and landscaping costs and discussed the methods to figure out the fixed capital wage cost, interest rate, annuity factor, total annual costs, cost of facilities replacement, cost of manufacturing, and annual depreciation costs. It can be concluded that the tabulated data can be extended for any project and in the developed model will be replaced new equations depend on project expansion. But the framework of the table and its connection with the economic equations will remain constant for any industrial & engineering project.

Highlights

  • The tabulated data picked up from the initial screening step of project identification in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA).
  • EIA plan has been defined based on materials and energy streams assessment along with an inventory of equipment and facilities for screening step by Iranian evaluator team.
  • The  tabulated data followed a connection between equations and inventory of availability to underpin the framework of an economic assessment model that is able to extend for any engineering & industrial project.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Biswas, A., Kumar, A., 2017. Techno-Economic Optimization of a Stand-alone PV/PHS/Battery systems for very low load situation. Int. J. Renew. Energy Res., (IJRER), 7(2), 844-856.
ISSN: 13090127
CrossRef    Google Scholar    full-text PDF    Mendeley   
Carnevale, E., Molari, G., Vittuari, M., 2017. Used cooking oils in the biogas chain: a technical and economic assessment. Energies, 10(2), 192.
CrossRef    Google Scholar    full-text PDF    Mendeley   
CrossRef    Google Scholar    full-text PDF    Mendeley   
Chernyaeva, V.A., Teng, X., 2017. Study of agricultural waste treatment in China and Russia-based on the agriculture environment sustainable development. In IOP Conference Series: Earth Environ. Sci., 69(1), 012001.
CrossRef    Google Scholar    full-text PDF    Mendeley   
Cristóbal, J., Caldeira, C., Corrado, S., Sala, S., 2018. Techno-economic and profitability analysis of food waste biorefineries at European level. Bioresour. Technol., 259, 244-252. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2018.03.016
Fernandez Dacosta, C., 2018. Alternative sources of fossil carbon: Ex-ante assessment of novel technologies using waste as a source (Doctoral dissertation, Utrecht University).
CrossRef    Google Scholar    full-text PDF    Mendeley   
Giarola, S., Romain, C., Williams, C.K., Hallett, J.P., Shah, N., 2016. Techno-economic assessment of the production of phthalic anhydride from corn stover. Chem. Eng. Res. Des., 107, 181-194.
CrossRef    Google Scholar    full-text PDF    Mendeley   
Kummu, M., De Moel, H., Porkka, M., Siebert, S., Varis, O., Ward, P.J., 2012. Lost food, wasted resources: Global food supply chain losses and their impacts on freshwater, cropland, and fertiliser use. Sci. Total Environ., 438, 477-489.
Kuppens, T., Van Dael, M., Vanreppelen, K., Thewys, T., Yperman, J., Carleer, R., Schreurs, S., Van Passel, S., 2015. Techno-economic assessment of fast pyrolysis for the valorization of short rotation coppice cultivated for phytoextraction. J. Clean. Prod., 88, 336-344.
CrossRef    Google Scholar    full-text PDF    Mendeley   
Li, Q., Zhang, Y., Hu, G., 2015. Techno-economic analysis of advanced biofuel production based on bio-oil gasification. Bioresour. Technol., 191, pp.88-96.
Lin, L., Shah, A., Keener, H., Li, Y., 2019. Techno-economic analyses of solid-state anaerobic digestion and composting of yard trimmings. Waste Manage., 85, 405-416.
Mehrdad, R., Seifmanesh, S., Chavoshi, F., Aminian, O., Izadi, N., 2014. Epidemiology of occupational accidents in Iran based on social security organization database. Iran. Red. Crescent. Med. J., 16(1).
Mota, B., Gomes, M.I., Carvalho, A., Barbosa-Povoa, A.P., 2015. Towards supply chain sustainability: economic, environmental and social design and planning. J. Clean. Prod., 105, 14-27.
CrossRef    Google Scholar    full-text PDF    Mendeley   
Násner, A.M.L., Lora, E.E.S., Palacio, J.C.E., Rocha, M.H., Restrepo, J.C., Venturini, O.J., Ratner, A., 2017. Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) production and gasification in a pilot plant integrated with an Otto cycle ICE through Aspen plus™ modelling: Thermodynamic and economic viability. Waste Manage., 69, 187-201.
Nizami, A.S., Rehan, M., Waqas, M., Naqvi, M., Ouda, O.K., Shahzad, K., Miandad, R., Khan, M.Z., Syamsiro, M., Ismail, I.M., Pant, D., 2017. Waste biorefineries: enabling circular economies in developing countries. Bioresour. Technol., 241, 1101-1117.
Obi, F.O., Ugwuishiwu, B.O., Nwakaire, J.N., 2016. Agricultural waste concept, generation, utilization and management. Niger. J. Technol., 35(4), 957-964.
CrossRef    Google Scholar    full-text PDF    Mendeley   
CrossRef    Google Scholar    full-text PDF    Mendeley   
Pérez-López, P., Montazeri, M., Feijoo, G., Moreira, M.T., Eckelman, M.J., 2018. Integrating uncertainties to the combined environmental and economic assessment of algal biorefineries: A Monte Carlo approach. Sci. Total Environ., 626, 762-775.
CrossRef    Google Scholar    full-text PDF    Mendeley   
Razmjoo, A., Qolipour, M., Shirmohammadi, R., Heibati, S.M., Faraji, I., 2017. Techno‐economic evaluation of standalone hybrid solar‐wind systems for small residential districts in the central desert of Iran. Environ. Prog. Sustain. Energy, 36(4), 1194-1207.
CrossRef    Google Scholar    full-text PDF    Mendeley   
Sharara, M.A., Runge, T., Larson, R., Primm, J.G., 2018. Techno-economic optimization of community-based manure processing. Agric. Syst., 161, 117-123.
CrossRef    Google Scholar    full-text PDF    Mendeley   
CrossRef    Google Scholar    full-text PDF    Mendeley   
CrossRef    Google Scholar    full-text PDF    Mendeley   
Thiruvenkataswamy, P., Eljack, F.T., Roy, N., Mannan, M.S., El-Halwagi, M.M., 2016. Safety and techno-economic analysis of ethylene technologies. J. Loss Prev. Process Ind., 39, 74-84.
CrossRef    Google Scholar    full-text PDF    Mendeley   
Toop, T.A., Ward, S., Oldfield, T., Hull, M., Kirby, M.E., Theodorou, M.K., 2017. AgroCycle–developing a circular economy in agriculture. Energy Procedia, 123, 76-80.
CrossRef    Google Scholar    full-text PDF    Mendeley   
CrossRef    Google Scholar    full-text PDF    Mendeley   
Wang, B., Dong, F., Chen, M., Zhu, J., Tan, J., Fu, X., Wang, Y., Chen, S., 2016. Advances in recycling and utilization of agricultural wastes in China: Based on environmental risk, crucial pathways, influencing factors, policy mechanism. Procedia Environ. Sci., 31, 12-17.
CrossRef    Google Scholar    full-text PDF    Mendeley   
Volume 2, Issue 1
January and February 2021
  • Receive Date: 30 December 2020
  • Revise Date: 28 January 2021
  • Accept Date: 28 January 2021