Effect of indiscriminate defecation and disposal of fecal material on peri-urban cultivated crops potentials to expose parasites to community

Document Type : Research paper


Department of Biological Science, Federal University Gashua, P.M.B 1005, Gashua, Yobe State, Nigeria


The risk factors of contracting neglected tropical diseases are becoming increasingly high in both rural and urban settlements. faecal contamination of food is another form of faecal-oral transmission. Opened space defaecation is commonplace in rural settlement while indiscriminate disposal of faecal material is common in urban settlements. The business of faecal material disposal is flourishing in urban areas and the stakeholders are not aware of risk factors and they lack proper site for the faecal waste disposal. As a result, parasites are exposed to the community. For this reason, the present study was conducted at Nomansland, a Peri-urban settlement in Kano Metropolis of Nigeria. Over a period of four months, vegetables were examined for parasites and Ancylostoma duodenale, Ascaris lumbricoides, Entamoeba histolytica, Fasciola hepatica, Giardia lamblia, Necator americanus, Schistosoma haematobium, and Strongyloides Stercoralis were observed. demonstration and implications of F-diagram (faeces, fingers, flies, fields, fluids, and feed) should be addressed to members of the community. This study was restricted to parasitic examination. Bacterial, fungal and viral examinations are recommended to be further studied.

Graphical Abstract

Effect of indiscriminate defecation and disposal of fecal material on peri-urban cultivated crops potentials to expose parasites to community


  • Faecal contamination of food is a form of faecal-oral transmission.
  • There is a need to avoid the use of wastewater for agricultural activities.
  • This study would help policymakers to devise suitable means for food safety, policies, and legislation.


Main Subjects

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