The study of green intelligence on environmental experiences and environmental citizenship behavior

Document Type : Research paper


Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Bojnord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bojnourd, Iran


The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of green intelligence education on environmental experience, environmental citizenship behavior and relationship with nature of students. The research method was a semi-experimental study with pretest-posttest design with two groups of experiment and control. The population of this research was all 36350 elementary school students in Bojnourd, and the sample size was 35students in experimental group and 35 studentsin control group by cluster sampling method. Data gathering tools in this study were questionnaire of Nature Guard Gardner and Moran, (2006), a researcher-made environmental experience questionnaire (2017), HeidariArjlou’s Environmental Citizenship Behavior Questionnaire (2015) and Nature Relationship Questionnaire by Nisbet et al., (2009). The validity of all questionnaires has been confirmed by experts. This test was carried out between the sample groups considered based on acceptance and commitment. In order to test the research hypotheses and answer the research questions, the inferential statistics method of Covariance Co-analysis (Equation of Variance) was evaluated by SPSS-22 software. The findings of this study showed that green education training was effective on environmental experience, environmental citizenship behavior and relationship with nature of students. Therefore, training for education of green intelligence will improve the environmental experience, the citizenship behavior of the environment and the relationship with the nature of the students.

Graphical Abstract

The study of green intelligence on environmental experiences and environmental citizenship behavior


  • The green intelligence education effectshave been assessed on environmental experience, environmental citizenship behavior and relationship with nature of students.
  • The population was all 36350 elementary school students in Bojnourd with sample size of 35 in both experimental and control group with usage of questionnaire as a data gathering tool.
  • Results showed positive effect of green education training (GET) on environmental experience (EE) and environmental citizenship behavior (ECB) in relation to nature of students.


Main Subjects

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