Evaluation and zoning environmental water security in rural districts of Kermanshah (Iran)

Document Type : Research paper


1 Department of Agricultural Development, Agriculture College, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Agriculture College, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Department of Water Resources Engineering, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

4 Agricultural Extension, Ministry of Agriculture, Kermanshah, Iran



Water can be considered as one of the most critical environmental factors that, besides intrinsic value, has various environmental impacts. This study aimed at evaluating environmental water security in rural districts of Kermanshah city.  In order to assess environmental water security, water quantity, water quality and emission of pollutants were considered. This study was conducted in descriptive and survey method in 2017. The regional water organization database was used to evaluate the dimensions of water quantity and available water resources. Furthermore, the statistical population for evaluating the emission of pollutants was the farmers of the rural districts of Kermanshah, including 34723 people according to the census of 2016. The Morgan table was used to determine the sample size. The statistical population of the research was Farmers in 12 rural districts in Kermanshah city. The software used for data analysis and zonation of the areas was Arc GIS 10.3.1 and SPSS. According to the results, the Miandarband, Sarfirozabad, Jalalvand, Sanjabi and Haftashian districts were very secure compared to other rural districts. Parts of Chaqanarges, Bilavar and Dorudfaraman are in a critical condition regarding environmental water security, which necessitates special attention from the authorities.

Graphical Abstract

Evaluation and zoning environmental water security in rural districts of Kermanshah (Iran)


  • Investigation of water quantity status in rural districts environment of Kermanshah city.
  • Investigation of water quality status in rural districts environment of Kermanshah city.
  • Creating a basis for balancing the allocation of water between different uses especially the environment.


Main Subjects

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